September 15, 2015

Critical facts about hyperpigmentation and your skin

Everyone wishes to have an even-toned complexion that is flawless and free from dark spots and blemishes. Sometimes, due to hormonal conditions, one has to face the brunt acne breakouts and pigmentation. So, how and why does hyperpigmentation occur? How does excess melanin production cause dark spots in the skin? Read further to find out how to identify if you are suffering from the skin ailment. Also, learn why you should buy the Melalite Cream online for hyperpigmentation treatment.

  • What is hyperpigmentation?
Apart from being a prevalent condition, hyperpigmentation is one that can be particularly stubborn to treat. It affects people of all ethnic groups. Overactive melanocytes directly cause the ailment. These cells are responsible for generating melanin or a reproduction of the melanocytes themselves. Hyperpigmentation does not present any medical threat. However, it can even be a symptom of a disease or illness. Facial hyperpig­mentation is a matter of concern with aesthetic implications of the condition that depression and anxiety may ensue. It causes skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin.
  • Why does hyperpigmentation occur?
There are multiple hyperpigmentation causes. Some of them include:
  • Heredity
  • Sun exposure
  • Hormonal changes
  • Acne
  • Botched skin treatments
The primary reason for such skin darkening is due to increase in melanin, the substance that determines the color (pigment). In cases, where the skin disorder is caused by acne, skin inflammation, or botched skin treatment, it is known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Although it is said to be a harmless condition, the appearance of moles is a sign of skin cancer. Thus, you need to get it checked by a dermatologist at the earliest. The three types of the hyperpigmentation and skin are as follows:
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpig­mentation (PIH)
Due to acne lesions, psoriasis, burns, friction and even certain professional skin care treatments, one can experience PIH. It fades as the skin regenerates itself. The process can take months or more, but PIH responds well to treatment.
  • Melasma
Hormonal dysfunctions, thyroid dysfunction, the use of birth control pills, and hormone replacement therapy causes melasma. It occurs in pregnant women and is often called the "mask of pregnancy." Nevertheless, men can also develop this condition. It frequently goes away after once a woman is pregnant. It can also be treated with certain prescription creams. Try to limit your exposure between hours of 10 in the morning and 2 in the afternoon.
  • Lentigines
These are widely known as liver spots or age spots. They are more prevalent with age and is majorly diagnosed in light-skinned individuals. More than age, it is related to UV exposure.
  • What is the treatment for hyperpigmentation?
Doctors mostly recommend chemical peels, laser peels, and topical skin lightening products. Although excellent outcomes can be achieved with either topical agents or non-surgical procedures, best results can be accomplished via both. Also, patients suffering from this skin ailment are advised to stay away from skin exposure during the hyperpigmentation treatment. When excess pigment generation is no longer an issue, discoloration may have to be cleaned up. It is best treated with professional treatments such as the use of alpha hydroxy acids or retinol to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin.

You can purchase the Melalite Cream and apply it strictly according to your doctor's direction. The medication comprises of an active chemical ingredient such as Hydroquinone, Glyceryl Mono Para Amino Benzoate. It reduces the production of melanin in the skin. Also, follow the instructions on the medication label. Do not modify the dosage unless your doctor advises you to do it. Avoid sunlight or artificial UV exposure such as tanning beds. Patients can experience positive effects of the treatment through the use of professional skin care products. A regimen involving cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing, and protecting should be strictly followed and maintained. It can make your skin sensitive to sunlight and you can a sunburn easily. If you venture out in the sun, use a proper sunscreen of SPF 15 and wear protective clothing. The dosage is determined by the doctor keeping in mind your age, gender, and drug allergies. Do not apply the remedy on skin that is damaged due to dryness, sunburn, windburn, chapping, or irritation, or on an open wound. If you experience severe side-effects, contact your doctor right away. Refrain from using hair removers or waxes and skin products containing spices, alcohol, astringents, or lime. When you buy the Melalite Cream online for hyperpigmentation treatment, make sure that you store it in a safe and dry place away from moisture or sunlight.

A medical disorder like hyperpigmentation and its skin problems can be tackled if you handle them with care. Speak to your medical provider today to get rid of skin darkening, blemishes, and dark spots.

 Photo credit:
(Contributed by Manisha)

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